By Ray Allen Billington
When it seemed in 1949, the 1st variation of Ray Allen Billington's Westward Expansion set a brand new general for scholarship in western American heritage, and the book's attractiveness between historians, students, and scholars grew via 4 next versions. This abridgment and revision of Billington and Martin Ridge's 5th version, with a brand new advent and extra scholarship by way of Ridge, in addition to an up to date bibliography, makes a speciality of the Trans-Mississippi frontier.
Although the textual content units out the striking tale of the yankee frontier, which grew to become, virtually from the start, an archetypal narrative of the hot American nation's winning enlargement, the authors don't forget the social, environmental, and human price of nationwide enlargement. whereas such a lot american citizens take pleasure within the nation's frontier historical past and its linked myths, in addition they percentage that background with others--especially with humans of color--in whose collective stories the tale of the yank west is rendered either darkish and painful. Westward Expansion encourages an realizing of yankee "westering" that's aware of the racism and over the top nationalism that often marred the Western frontier event. whilst, the authors comprehend a feeling of optimism, a profound religion in contributors' personal talents, the willingness to innovate, and an abiding belief in democracy to be the transcendent values of the frontier event, characteristics that proceed to steer the nature of America's humans lengthy after the shut of the western frontier.